By Dr. Nandini Daljit,
Student- San Diego College of Ayurveda
At the cosmically determined time when Parusha meets the destined Atman our Prakruti is determined. Our individual Prakruti is our unique combination of the Pancha Mahabutas within our constitution - that is to say each of us as our own unique combination of the five elements of the Pancha Mahabhutas - those being ether, air, fire, water and earth. "Doshas are bio-energies composed of two of the great Five Elements (Pancha Mahabhutas) that govern our mind, body and spirit" (San Diego College of Ayurveda, Block 1 Module - Ayurveda 101, p.5/56). The three doshas are Vata, Pitta and Kapha.
There are seven combinations of the doshas i.e., Vata-Pitta, Vatta-Kapha, Pitta-Kapha etc. The three Doshas can be considered as the three 'models' of body structure. In class we learned that dosha means fault and that our prakruti is our 'fault-line'. From a strengths-based perspective I would said our dosha or Prakruti is our state of natural balance and any deviation from that natural balance will result in dis-ease.
The Vata dosha (Vaya & Akasha) offers energy through movement and thus holds the Pancha Mahabhatus of Ether and Air. From the elements of ether and air the body is empowered with the energetic force of movement. Vata moves blood through the body (circulation), movement of the limbs and organs (mobility, respiration, pulse) and the movement of communication (nervous system, thought, perception). In terms of communication Vata informs the Tanmatra speech.
The Pitta dosha (Teja & Apa) brings transformative energy to the body through the Pancha Mahabhatus of fire and water. Pitta assists the body in converting raw energy and is tied to metabolism. Pitta brings fuel to the digestive fire through this conversion. Pitta informs the tanmatra of taste through the saliva and conversion of food to digestive enzymes.
The Kapha dosha (Prithivi & Apa) brings cohesion to the body and is resonsible for the buliding of muscle, connective tissue and fat. Kapha brings the Pancha Mahabhuta elements of earth and water to the body which contributes to form and mass. The Tanmatra of Kapha in terms of action is excretion which allows the body to elmininate those solids that no longer solve the body.
All bodies are in fact Tridoshic. We all hold elements of all of the Panch Mahabutas in our natural constitution of our Prackruti. The Vedas teach us that there are three potential sources of disease and suffering: Klesas (mind/body), Adhyatmakika (suffering caused by other living things) and, Adihidaivika (seasonal changesa and natural disasters). In maintaining balance of our Tridosha it is advantageous to consider all of these sources of imbalance collectively.
Often the quest for Tridoshic balance involves identification of obvious stressors that are external. As Vata is the primanry dosha of life - often it is through deep internal self-reflection that our doshas can acheive balance. In this regard
Yoga is an important part of Ayurvedic practice. "Yoga views of anatomy, physiology and psychology were originally formed by doshas (Frawley, 1999, p. 39). As we understand our doshas we also come to understand the specific practices of nutrition, sleep, physical activity, climate, nature, interaction and spirituality that connects our dosha and prakruti as a microcosm to the the universal macrocosm.
Student: Ayurveda Wellness Practitioner Program, San Diego College of Ayurveda
Meditation helps decrease stress, promote focus as well as help individuals be more conscious and aware of their mind and itʼs behavior.
When determining what meditation is best for an individual a practitioner should consider
i The individuals dominant dosha - Vata, Pitta and Kapha
ii The 3 gunas (Sattva, Tamas, Rajas), and,
iii Consider the theory of similar and dissimilar to help bring the mind back in balance.
A vata mind is dominated by the air quality and is all about movement so they tend to get mentally ungrounded, scattered, anxious or spacey when out of balance.
They should practice meditations that help keep them grounded, enhance stability, and help them release stress and stay focused. All meditations
help vata in some beneficial way but some in particular like TM, Zen, and Yoga Nidra are more calming and can help ease a vata mind.
Trees and mountains are solid, rooted, earthy, grounded so meditating in nature and near or around them
can have a grounding effect on vatas in tamas.
Sitting in peaceful contemplation near water can be good for both vata and pitta minds in tamas.
Water is very soothing to all the senses so sitting in deep contemplation with their feet in the water, taking in the peaceful sounds of the surroundings, the smells, and the energetics of the flowing water can instantly sooth and ease any disturbed mind.
Rajasic vatas tends to be hyperactive and nervous so a sitting meditation will not be a good choice for them.
They should instead do a walking meditation on a
beach or take a peaceful hike in a woodsy area.
When in tamas their focus should be on feeling grounded on the earth with each step they take.
Consciously sensing and feeling the ground beneath them.
If possible they should walk slowly and also pay attention to all the sounds, smells, and sights of their surroundings.
Walking meditation is also great for lazy kaphas in tamas to get them up and moving.
Since kaphas can be heavy and lethargic they can benefit more by doing stimulating pranayama techniques before any meditation.
Because of their lazy and unmotivated tendency, kaphas will do better when encouraged in group meditation or when participating in kirtana.
Mantra mediation can help an emotional kappa in rajas.
Practicing loving kindness and doing a meditation that opens their heart chakra is great for promoting sattva in Kapha individuals.
Pitta individuals would benefit greatly from meditation that stimulates and promotes peace of mind.
Japa and mantra meditation is great to mentally stimulate and sharpen the mind.
Soothing meditations in nature or by water as
mentioned above help cool and ease a pitta in tamas.
Pitta should also do pranayama techniques - while practicing meditation to help promote sensory control for a mind in rajas.