Difference between Western Astrology and Jyotisha?

By Liberty Elliot

Having first understood the Western Astrology system, I admit that I too considered it to be somewhat of pseudoscience, but that misconception is due to the fact that it is greatly simplified, sometimes just boiled down to a convenient pickup line "What's your sign?" which refers to the Sun Sign in a person's Natal Chart. The first great differentiation which I have learned from Vedic Astrology is that there is a much more complex system of sub-classifications, Planets, Constellations, and Houses, commonly called the Grahas, Rasis, and Bhavas in a person Chart, all of them interact to paint a combined picture of the result of a person's past Karma, and what I understand to be the lessons which we are most seeking in this incarnation in order to better align with our true Soul and purpose.

One major difference between to two systems is the adjustment of the Planetary positions relative to the Constellations or Backdrop of Stars, as we have come to know, this backdrop is not fixed and moves counterclockwise in the Zodiac belt approximately 1 degree every Seventy-two years. At one time the two Systems coincided in their positions but this precession of the Zodiac causes a current discrepancy of around 23 degrees and 51 minutes, called the Ayanamsha.

For me, this was a stark discrepancy because my Natal Sun Sign actually does differ in the two systems. Having always identified as an Aries since my birthday is on March 25th, it was a mind-blowing moment when I discovered that according to my Vedic Chart, my Sun sign is actually in Pisces.

Western Astrology utilizes a more fixed placement of the Constellations which begins always with Aries at the Spring Equinox and therefore the Signs are based on the Sun's position and the Seasons. I appreciate the Vedic system which accounts for the actual position of the Planets in Relation to the Stars and Constellations.

Secondly, what is striking to me is something I mentioned at the beginning. There are complex systems of the different Planets, Constellations (or Signs), and Houses that all interact to paint a full picture.

I never even knew of the Planets in Astrology other than knowledge of the Sun Sign, so it was a great expansion of my understanding to know that we're all these Planets-Seven plus two Shadow-like Nodes of the Moon which are located in both the Houses and the Constellations. Where they are in relation to each other casts great meaning for each individual.

Additionally, there is the Dasa or Planetary period that is determined by when an individual is born. It is super interesting to me how the Current positions affect each individual differently, depending on their particular Dasa as represented in the Vimshottari. Essentially a planet that is ruling over a specific Dasa may gain more power over an individual, influencing them to act per the nature of that Planet.

A planetary effect is also amplified when the current Planetary position crosses over a Constellation in someone's Birth chart, for example, Saturn in Capricorn (current position) for someone with Saturn in Capricorn on their Natal Chart, or is presiding over a current Planetary period that is the same as a person's Dasa, example a current Venus Dasa for someone who is also experiencing their Venus Dasa at this time.

The final difference I will note is the importance of the Moon in Vedic Astrology versus the Sun in Western Astrology. Moon is representative of our Mind and sub-conscious Mind. Tropical Astrology emphasizes the Sun Sign or our outer personality, a sort of "Business Card we present to the World." Vedic Astrology is paying more attention to the Journey and evolution of the Soul, often the transformation of Consciousness occurs when inward work is done and we unplug from the expectations of outer reality.
Moon representing our mind influences our emotions, peace of mind, and general well-being. It casts a shade through which we perceive our external reality and circumstances as they occur. A weak position or an afflicted Moon often means the individual's Peace of Mind may be disturbed.

The Moon also has a separate divisional System in Vedic Astrology called Nakshatras, 27 Lunar Mansions which occupy the Zodiac and are identified by the brightest star in each one. They also occupy the Rasis, each Nakshatra equals 13 degrees, 20 minutes of the Zodiac, and each Constellation 30 degrees, so there is a little more than two Nakshatras per Constellation and one that is split between Constellations.

The Moon travels through all 27 each Lunar Cycle and each Nakshatra adds further meaning to the current placement of the Moon and Planets.

There are so many layers and aspects to this Beautiful Science or "Study of Light", and it is based on a premise that what is happening in the Universe also occurs on a micro level within a person's body, mind, and consciousness, their entire being. Utilizing this subtle information can help us to identify a person's strengths and potential challenges or places where growth is required.

We can then prescribe balancing or remedial measures including the wearing of Gemstones, Mantras performed to a specific Deity or Planet, and Pujas or Ritualistic Practices and Sacrifices which can strengthen or appease the Planets and their energies in order to achieve the desired outcome or to soften the challenges presented by their placements.

Ordering Ayurveda compatible meals in Restaurants

By Anand Gopal Krishnan

You went out with your friends to a fancy restaurant for lunch two days ago. Beyond the ambiance, fancy décor, comfortable seating and fun time with your friends, one of the main reasons which would make you come back to the same restaurant some other day would definitely be the taste of the food you had.

Taste plays an important part in the meal we eat day in and day out. It is one of those unsung heroes which is often not taken into account when talking about mainstream nutrition. We humans have up to 4000 taste buds spread across our tongue, mouth, and throat. Modern science shows that when we chew food, the enzymes in our saliva already begin the digestion process.

Ayurveda has known this for a long time and hence the ancient Ayurvedic scriptures have placed a huge emphasis on taste when it comes to nutrition.

If you want to find an Ayurvedic item that suits your dosha, look for the right rasa. The pho and bittermelon soup in Vietnamese cuisine, the mung dal and buttermilk in Indian restaurants, the Thai soup or curry with rice are some examples.

The Sanskrit term used for taste is "Rasa". Rasa is the taste associated with secretions in our mouth. Ayurvedic nutrition has documented six tastes/rasas. These six rasas are formed by various permutations of the five elements (known as Pancha Mahabhutas): Space, Air, Fire, Water, Earth. In accordance with the concept put forth by Ayurveda that everything in the Universe is made up of the five elements and our body is also made up of the same five elements, rasas are also made up of the five elements. The particular permutation of these elements determines the nature of the taste.

The six rasas documented by Ayurvedic nutrition are:

• Sweet (Madhura)--Mango with cooked rice, or coconut rice pudding can be ordered in a restaurant
• Sour (Amla)- Tamarind drink, lemonade or tomato soup
• Salty (Lavana)- sea vegetables, nuts-cashewnut or almond based recipe
• Pungent (Katu)--ginger based recipe-thai curry
• Bitter (Tikta)--bittermelon
• Astringent (Kashaya)--Most beans, plantains

Ayurvedic nutrition suggests a balanced meal to contain all the six rasas. Any Tamil Indian reading this blog post would have been able to automatically connect the six rasas balanced meal concept to the concept of "Arusuvai Virundhu" (Six taste feast) which is prepared for the Tamil New Year celebration connoting philosophically that we should be ready to face different phases of life with the coming year ahead (sweet - happiness, sour - anger, bitter - hatred, salty - sad, pungent - disgust, astringent - active). Also according to Ayurveda, each of these six tastes also have psychological influence on us (either positive or negative).

Let us now look in to these rasas in detail from the perspective of Ayurvedic nutrition and how they are related to the five elements as well as their importance with respect to our body constitution
Sweet (Madhura): The sweet rasa has earth and water as its predominant elements. The taste buds on the tip of the tongue is activated with sweet rasa. The associated organs of our body according to Ayurveda which is related to this rasa is the thyroid and upper lungs. When used mindfully, sweet taste helps in promoting the growth of body tissues, improves complexion and promotes healthy skin, air and melodious voice. On the other hand excessive usage of sweet will lead to cold, cough, congestion, heaviness, loss of appetite and laziness. I am sure many of us would have experienced the heaviness and laziness taking over our body when we have had that large piece of desert. Psychologically, sweet in moderation enhances the feeling of love and compassion. No wonder, we celebrate birthday by cutting cakes and not cutting an eggplant.

Examples of sweet rasa: honey, dates

Sour (Amla): The sour rasa has earth and fire as its predominant elements (probably one of the reasons why sour candies always have a bright logo or packet cover - sour patch for instance. Our mind automatically relates sour with the brightness of fire. This is purely my speculation and has nothing to do with Ayurveda). The taste buds on the upper left and right corner of the tip of our tongue are activated with sour rasa. The associated organs of our body according to Ayurveda which is related to this rasa is the Lungs.

Sour taste used in moderation will energize the body, improves elimination of waste from the body. On the other hand, excessive usage of sour will lead to dryness of membrane leading to congestion. Excessive usage will also have bad effect on liver and can cause inflammatory conditions. Psychologically, sour taste brings ability to comprehend and discriminate.

Examples of sour rasa: yogurt, vinegar

Salty (Lavana): The salty rasa has water and fire as its predominant elements. The taste buds on the lower left and right corner of our tongue is activated with salty rasa. The associated organs of our body according to Ayurveda which is related to this rasa is the Kidneys. Salt taste used in moderation provides hydration, lubricates tissues and stimulates digestion.

On the other hand excessive usage of salt can lead to hypertension and hair loss. Psychologically salt taste enhances spirit and interest. Possibly that's the reason why salt is considered the symbol of loyalty in East and the West. Loyalty can be earned only with the right spirit.
Examples of salty rasa: rock salt, seaweed

Pungent (Katu): The pungent rasa has air and fire as its predominant elements. The taste buds on the upper center of the tongue is activated with pungent rasa. The associated organs of our body according to Ayurveda which is related to this rasa is Stomach and heart. When used in moderation pungent taste cleans the mouth, stimulates digestion and clears sinuses. Over usage can have negative effect on sexual health, can lead to fatigue with thirst. Psychologically, pungent taste brings enthusiasm and vigor.

Examples of pungent rasa: black pepper, chili pepper

Bitter (Tikta): The bitter rasa has air and space as its predominant elements. The taste buds on the lower center of the tongue is activated with bitter rasa. The associated organs of our body according to Ayurveda which is related to this rasa is Pancreas, Liver and Spleen. When used in moderation it kills germs, is anti-inflammatory, reduces excess fat and water. Over consumption can deplete the energy in the tissues, can induce dizziness. Psychologically, bitter taste makes the mind more introvert.

Examples of bitter rasa: bitter melon, turmeric root

Astringent (Kashaya): The astringent rasa has air and earth as its predominant elements. The taste buds on the lower back of the tongue is activated with astringent rasa. The associated organs of our body according to Ayurveda which is related to this rasa is Colon. When used in moderation it cleanses blood and maintains healthy blood sugar level. In excess consumption it can cause spasms and have negative effects on intestines. Psychologically, astringent taste makes us more grounding.

Examples of astringent rasa: chickpeas, green beans

Hope this blog post was informative. We will see the relationship between the tastes and doshas in our next post. Until then, have a balanced and fulfilled life!

Snacking and Ayurveda


Let’s have a healthy snack while we talk. We’ll have a sweet red apple, add a little fresh squeezed lemon to it, and finally, let’s sprinkle a bit of cinnamon over it all.

While we snack, let’s take those beautiful tastes: the sourness of the lemon, the heat of the cinnamon and the sweetness of the apple and find out what’s happening from an Ayurvedic perspective.

If you are a kapha person, try a dried apple slice with cinnamon and without the lemon. If you are a pitta, take the apple sauce.

In Ayurveda, its not just healthy snacks, but, how they are eaten and prepared that is as important.

In general, the ‘official’ tastes are sweet, sour, salty, bitter and savory/(unami). Taste provides us with messages that drives what we put into our mouths, in order to survive. We know that apple snacks taste pleasant, provides nutrition, and won’t make us ill. Ayurveda will tell us a deeper backstory.

Rasa, the Sanskrit word for Taste, has many meanings, which can include essence, enthusiasm, experience, etc. Taste is not only in food, but it's also one’s reaction to the food. The Vedic belief that everything physical emerges from a subtle source, that each substance is made up of the 5 elements, thus having different qualities, embodies the concept of Rasa. These tastes have physical, metabolic, spiritual, and emotional effects on the body, to name a few. There are 6 tastes, and their predominant elements are as follows:

Sweet (Madura) Earth + Water
Sour (Amla) Earth + Fire
Salty (Lavana) Water + Earth
Pungent (Katu) Fire + Air
Bitter (Tikta) Air + Space
Astringent (Kashaya) Air + Earth

Some SNACKING examples:

Sweet (Madura) fresh farmers cheese, mangoes, pineapple, raisins, dried fruits, dates
Sour (Ama) dried citrus fruits, tamarind drink, lemonade, Citrus fruits, fermented foods
Salty (Lavana) Seaweed, nuts
Pungent (Katu) Ginger candy
Bitter (Tikta) Kale chips, dark chocolate-with monk fruit or low sugar.
Astringent (Kashaya) Pomegranates, plantain chips

As we are munching along our snack, the rasas would be: Sweet, Pungent, Astringent (Cinnamon) / Sour (Lemon) and Astringent, Sour, Sweet (Apple)

Further, there are qualities assigned to each Rasa, all of which affect Doshas:
• Sweet tastes are heavy, moist and cooling, whose nourishing and soothing pacify Vata and Pitta, yet increase Kapha.
• Sour taste is hot light and moist, is most beneficial to Vata, yet its heat will increase Pitta and Kapha (to a lesser degree).
• Salty is hot heavy and moist, whose grounding effects can balance Vata, but increase both Pitta and Kapha.
• Bitter is light, cooling and dry, which balances Kapha and Pitta, but aggravates Vata.
• Pungent is hot dry and light, whose stimulating and doing effects help Kapha, but throw Pitta out of balance because of its heat, as well as Vata because of the air qualities.
• Astringent is cooling and heavy by nature, and when taken in moderation, can balance Pitta and Kapha, yet will aggravate Vata.
All of this is just the beginning of what Rasas means, a deeper dive into the mosaic of Ayurveda would show how all these Rasas affect the mind, body and spirit. For now, just enjoy the snack. Maybe notice how you feel eating, do you feel cold? Warm? Does it give you energy? Maybe you are a Kapha, in which case this is a perfect snack for!
In the end, just remember that Ayurveda wants you to enjoy your food, that it taste delicious, and that it satiates the senses, nourishes from within and stimulates the digestive system. Whenever possible, try to incorporates all 6 tastes in one’s meal, in specific order according to taste (driven by one’s dosha), as this will be a perfect meal.

Are you familiar with Rasa (Six Tastes) in Ayurveda?

By Laura Loma and Liberty Elliot

Are you familiar with Rasa (Six Tastes) in Ayurveda?

In Ayurveda, Rasa is translated as tastes. Each rasa is made of two of the five elements known as Mahabhutas. These consist of Ether, Air, Fire, Water and Earth.

The six Rasas and their elements are:

● Sweet made up of Earth and Water
● Sour made up of Earth and Fire
● Salty made up of Water and Fire
● Pungent made up of Fire and Air
● Astringent made up of Air and Earth
● Bitter is made up of Air and water

Why is this Important to Know?

Ayurveda recommends a nourishing whole food diet such as fruits and vegetables that are full of Prana (life force energy) however, not all foods may be benefiting you, and perhaps they may be slowing down your Agni (digestive fire).

Your digestion is the best indicator in knowing what foods and their rasas are healing you or harming you. So ask yourself, do you find your digestion sluggish and dull? Or perhaps it’s sharp and explosive? Or is your digestion irregular and you tend towards constipation? Consuming the Rasa rich Foods best suited for you is key to a balanced digestion and overall health. Ayurveda recommends meals to offer the six tastes, this is called Shad Rasa which is most important to balance the digestive system. Considering any present digestive imbalance, you would consume more of some rasas than others.

Are You Aware of Rasa’s Additional Beneficial Properties?

Each taste offers impressive health benefits listed below:

Sweet Rasa consists of natural sweets offerings from Mother Earth. Such foods like whole wheat grains and rice. Fruit such as mango, banana, dates. Dairy such as buttermilk, yogurt and cream. Grounding root vegetables such as carrots, yams and sweet potatoes are known to build tissues, calms nerves, improves semen and nourishes sense of organs.

Hello my healthy minded friends! This is Liberty, sharing ways that we can create healthy habits in our diet and lifestyles that can bring balance into our lives and encourage a state of optimum health.

We have learned about the 5 great Elements- Ether, Air, Fire, Water and Earth and how everything we touch taste and see, including the foods we eat are made up of a unique composition and combination of these 5 Elements.

Today we dive deeper into this concept by exploring the 6 tastes, or Rasas as they are known in Ayurvedic vocabulary. They are- Sweet, Sour, Salty, Pungent, Bitter and Astringent. The six tastes relate to the Elements and they have specific effects on the bodily functions and tissues.

Sweet- this Rasa is made up of Earth and Water Elements. Sweet is calming for Vata and Pitta types, but may aggravate Kapha. Foods like natural sugars, Fruits such as mango6, ripe banana, dates and grains and carbohydrates as well as some dairy, milk and butter are sweet. Sweet foods have the ability to build and restore tissues in th body and they tend to have a calming effect.

Sour- this Rasa is made up of Earth and Fire Elements. It is balancing for Vata and may imbalance Kapha and Pitta types. Fruits like Citrus, fermented foods like yogurt and pickles and vinegar are sour. Sour flavored foods are have a cleansing effect on the body's tissue and enhance the ability to absorb minerals.

Salty- this flavor is made up of Fire and Water elements. Foods like Salt, minerals, Seaweed and salted snacks like nuts and chips are salty. Salty foods improve the taste of other foods and act as a natural lubricant bringing water element into the body's tissues.

Pungent- this Rasa is made up of Fire and Air elements. It is balancing for Kapha and may imbalance Vata and Pitta types. Spicy foods like Chili Peppers, Garlic, Cayenne and Black Pepper are pungent. Pungent foods stimulate digestive and metabolic functions in the body.

Bitter- this flavor or Rasa is made up of Space and Air elements. Bitter has a balancing effect for Kapha and Pitta but imbalances Vata type. Foods like dark leafy greens, Kale and Dandelion and some spices like Turmeric are bitter. Bitter flavored foods have a detoxifying effect and tend to lighten the body's tissues.

Astringent- this Rasa is a combination of Air and Earth elements. It is balancing for Pitta and Kapha and may aggravate Vata type. Vegetables such as legumes and some fruits like Pomegranate and Cranberries are astringent flavor. Astringent foods have natural diuretic properties, removing water from the body's tissues and drying out fats in the body.

In a healthy and balanced diet, all of the 6 flavors will be represented. By understanding the qualities of the 6 Rasa and and elements which they relate to, we can make proper food choices according to our individual Dosha type and current condition that can help us restore balance and maintain a state of optimum health.

Shad Rasa (Six Rasas)

By Anisa Shukla and Tejal Shukla

According to Ayurveda, it is important to taste our foods - Rasa - the Sanskrit word for taste also means experience, enthusiasm, juice, plasma and essence.

Ayurveda recognizes six tastes or rasas, each of which has a vital role to play in our physiology, health, and well-being. Sweet, sour, salty, pungent, bitter, and astringent tastes combine in many different ways to create a diversity of flavors that we encounter throughout our lives.

The sweet taste, as a naturally appealing element of our diets. It is the flavor of sugar that could be found in dates, wheat and fruits. Sweet tastes pacify vata and pitta but aggravate kapha doshas.

The sour taste tends to be fairly familiar to us - it is primarily the result of acids in our foods such as citrus fruits. We often “pucker” when we encounter the sour taste and it immediately moistens the mouth and increases the flow of saliva. The sour taste tends to increase pitta dosha in the body.

The salty taste is almost singularly derived from salt and is readily identified in our diets. We find this taste in fish, soy sauce and celery. The salty taste is said to be heating thus aggravates Kapha dosha.

The pungent taste is one of dry, intense heat that can be found in spicy foods and many herbs and spices. It is usually created by the presence of aromatic garlic and chili that stimulate the tissues and nerve endings of the mouth with a sensation of sharp and fiery heat. The pungent taste can increase pitta and vata dosha but pacify kapha dosha.

The bitter taste is a flavor that is not necessarily something enjoyable, although some people truly enjoy it. For some coffee can be a very enjoyable bitter taste for most along with dark chocolate. The bitter taste can pacify pitta dosha but aggravate vata dosha.

The astringent taste is a flavor of dryness that is generally produced by tannins such as the taste of red wine. It causes the mucus membranes in the mouth to contract and results in an immediate dry, chalky, and sometimes puckering sensation in the mouth. The astringent taste is frequently complemented by the sweet or sour tastes. Finally, this taste can increase vata as it is drying.

Ayurveda teaches us to appreciate that, every substance is made up of a combination of the [5] basic elements or Panchamahabhutas- Ether, Air, Fire, Water, and Earth. There are 6 tastes according to Ayurveda and these elements in 2 different combinations are present in all of the 6 tastes.

The 6 tastes-sweet, sour, salty, pungent, bitter, and astringent, are based on the actual taste in the mouth. Rasa, means to taste or to experience, "Ra"= taste, and "sa" = juice. This applies to food, herbs and minerals. According to Ayurveda, a balanced meal has a little bit of each rasa. When there is an imbalance of doshas or blockages in channels (srotas), Ayurvedic practitioners recommend a nutrition plan that pays special attention to the 6 tastes. Each taste can either increase or decrease the doshas.

1. Sweet Taste: (madhura) made up of earth and water, its qualities are heavy, cooling and oily. it pacifies vata and pitta but increases kapha. Sweet taste can relieve thirst and burning sensations and is nutritive to the body tissues. The sweet taste from foods for example, like rice, milk wheat and dates can enhance the vital essence of life or Ojas. Other examples or sweet foods are, beans, maple syrup, peas, and sweet potatoes. Psychologically, sweet taste in moderation enhances love and compassion.

2. Sour Taste:(amla) made up of earth and fire, it is sour, acidic, and that which ferments easily. The sour taste decreases vata but increases pitta and kapha. Sour taste is found in foods such as yogurt, vinegar, lemons, fermented foods and sour cream. A small amount of sour taste is refreshing and energizes the body and enlivens the mind.

3. Salty Taste: (lavana) made up of water and fire, it is heating , heavy, oily and hydrophilic in nature. The salty taste decreases vata while increasing pitta and kapha. Just a little bit of salt enhances the taste of food. When used in moderation, salt balances the doshas and it stimulates salivation, aids in digestion, absorption and assimilation. salty taste comes from foods such as, himalayan salt, soy sauce, seaweed, celery. Psycologically, salty taste enhances spirit, and interest.

4. Pungent Taste: (katu) made up of fire and air. It is light drying and heating in nature. It pacifies kapha but increases pitta and vata. When used in moderation, it kindles agni (digestive fire), improves digestion and absorption and cleans the mouth. It can also aid in circulation and helps to eliminate waste products from the body. Psycologically, pungent taste brings enthusiasm, and vitality to the mind. Pungent foods include radishes, onions, ginger, black pepper and chili to name a few.

5. Bitter Taste: (tikta) made up of air and ether, it is cool, light and dry in nature. It increases vata but decreases pitta and kapha. We need all 6 tastes in our diet, but this taste is lacking in the western diet. It is important because bitter taste improves all other tastes. Bitter taste is cleansing, anti-inflammatory and detoxifying, it helps to kindle agni due to its light and dry qualities. Psychologically, bitter taste helps you become more self-aware. Bitter taste can be found in coffee, turmeric, olives, cabbage, grapefruits and green leafy vegetables.

6. Astringent: (kashaya) made up of air and earth elements, it is cooling, drying, and heavy in nature. It reduces both pitta and kapha, but increases vata. The astringent taste improves absorption and creates binding in the stool. Psychologically, astringent taste is supportive and grounding due to the earth element. Helps the mind become collected and organized. The astringent taste can be found in most raw vegetables, raw banana, pomegranate, chickpeas, walnuts, lentils, green beans and sprouts.

Taste can tell us a lot about what we are eating but most important, about the physical and energetic qualities from the universe we are taking into our being.

Six Tastes in Ayurveda

By Maria Hall

Ayurveda Counselor Student.

Ayurveda describes a balanced meal as one with six tastes, sweet, sour, salty, pungent, bitter, and astringent. According to Ayurveda, each taste is made of two primary elements. The six tastes and their elements are as follows:


Sweet taste has earth and water, and examples of sweet tastes are rice, grains, milk,
wheat, ripe bananas, and pineapple.


Sour has earth and fire, and examples of sour tastes are tomatoes, citrus fruits,
tamarind, yogurt, cheese, sour cream, fermented foods, and vinegar.


Salty has fire and water, and examples of salty foods are sea weeds, celery, water
cress, spinach, mineral water, table salt and sea vegetables.


Pungent has air and fire, and examples of pungent tastes are cayenne pepper, chili
pepper, ginger, garlic, wasabi, radish, mustard seeds, turnips, and cloves.


Bitter has air and space, and examples of bitter tastes are dark leafy greens, dandelion root, bitter melon, turmeric, dark chocolate, and coffee.


Finally, astringent has air and earth, and examples of astringent taste are lentils,
pomegranate, cranberries, broccoli, and rye. Now that you have an idea of the six
tastes, let me explain how they play a vital role in bodily functions.

Action of Sweet Taste

Sweet taste has cooling energy or “virya” and it helps to build tissues and relax the mind. It also soothes and nourishes the sense organs and gives the mind
compassion and satisfaction. An imbalance of the sweet taste creates attachment,
laziness, and heaviness. It also weakens the pancreas and causes thyroid
imbalances. Some common diseases due to excess sweet taste are diabetes, obesity
and low agni. According to Ayurveda, there are also six stages of digestion. The
first stage is the sweet stage, and it begins in the mouth with the digestion of
Action of Sour taste
Sour taste has heating virya and it helps to cleanse tissues, stimulates organs, and
increase absorption of minerals. An imbalance of sour taste increases anger, envy,
and passion. Some common diseases due to excess sour taste in the body are
infections, ulcers, thirst, and boils. Sour stage is second stage in digestion where
HCL is secreted making the food acidic. Digestion of proteins and fats begin in this
Action of Salty taste
Salty stage also has heating virya and this taste helps to improve taste, lubricates
the tissues, stimulates digestion, gives confidence, and builds enthusiasm. An
imbalance in salty taste creates greed, overambition and blood pressure. Some of
the common illnesses due to high salt in the body are kidney stones, swelling, skin
disease and hypertension. Salty stage is the third stage in digestion when food
enters the duodenum, the first part of the small intestine. Acidic food is mixed with
alkaline secretions and bile resulting in salts.
Action of Pungent taste
Pungent stage has the most heating virya among all the taste and it stimulates
digestion and metabolism. An imbalance in this taste results in anger and boldness.
Some of the common illnesses because of the imbalance are dry cough, low
energy, and reproductive issues. Pungent taste is the fourth stage in digestion, and
it occurs in jejunum, the second part of the small intestine. The fire element present
in the taste increases the heat and circulation. Air element facilitates intestinal
peristalsis and creates gases.
Action of Bitter taste
Bitter taste has the most cooling virya. It detoxifies the tissues and stimulates
digestion. An imbalance of the taste can create dissatisfaction and loneliness.
Constipation is a common cause of bitter taste imbalance. Bitter stage is the fifth
stage of digestion when food enters ileum, final section of the small intestine. Air
element in the bitter taste creates peristalsis and there is rapid absorption of
Action of Astringent taste
Astringent taste has a cooling virya. This taste is responsible for drying the fat,
tightening the tissues, removing excess heat, and reducing sweating. An imbalance
in this taste causes insecurity and fear. Some common diseases caused by
imbalances of this taste are anemia, insomnia, gas, bloating, low blood pressure
and constipation. Astringent taste is the sixth and final stage of digestion where
ileocecal valve opens and food enters the cecum, the first section of the large
intestine. Absorption of minerals and liquids occur, and feces is formed by the
earth element in this stage.
Now that you understand how the six tastes play a vital role in the digestion
process, I hope you will remember to incorporate all six tastes in every meal

Importance of Daily Routine

By Nina Elliot (Ayurveda Student)

“We are what we repeatedly do” (Aristotle). Routines are the mindful ways of doing things in a pattern, they form schedules, which anchor us to daily life by creating stability and comfort, and without them, we feel overwhelmed and stressed out. When we are in a flow, life just seems to be a little easier. Ultimately, our many habits are done to accomplish a particular goal, and in Ayurveda, the goal is stay healthy and have a balanced Dosha. ‘We are a microcosm of the macrocosm’…I keep hearing this phrase over and over again in this course, weaving itself in and out of each component of Ayurveda, from philosophy to more pragmatic routines. I am now beginning to understand it is the essence of Ayurveda.

So if we are a microcosm of the macrocosm, this means we are driven by Mother Nature, her cyclical flow of existence, and what affects Her will also affect us (and vice versa).

Photo by Mark Tegethoffon Unsplash

If the power of the lunar and solar cycles deeply affect us
(especially the lunar cycle for women), our goal is stay in sync with this flow.

The routines that help us be synchronous are daily/nightly
(Dinacharya) and seasonal routines (Ritucharya).

Dinahcharya seek to establish balance in an individual’s Dosha,
within the 24 hour time span. Within these 24 hours, our Vata,
Pitta and Kapha energies are present in our bodies at all times,
and mirror the actual structure of the day/night with its own VPK

Photo by Chris Lawton on Unsplash

For example, 6am-10am/6pm-10pm is the Kapha period, 10am-
2pm/10pm-2am is the Pitta period, and 2pm-6pm/2am-6am is the Vata

These time periods dictate when one should do certain
recommenced activities like diet (Ahara) hygiene (bathing, tongue
scraping, oil pulling, nasya, etc) exercise, meditation, and
spiritual practices.

An example for a Pitta would be to eat their largest meal at
lunch, since Pitta is highest at this time and the chance of
optimal digestion is then. Again using Pitta as an example, a
good daily exercise would be to do calming exercises like Moon
Salutations, and a good oil for self massage would be warm
coconut oil.

Similarly, Ayurveda prescribes a seasonal routine to maintain a Doshic balance that sin equilibrium as seasons change. Each season also needs a unique diet, lifestyle and routine living.
An example would be to eat pitta pacifying foods in the summer (coconut, melons, foods that are sweet, astringent and bitter, and avoiding spicy, oily pungent warm foods, as this will aggravate Pitta. Ritucharya helps us to learn to adjust and build upon our daily routines, which too is a necessary point of growth, as change is a part of life.

If basic recommenced routines are not followed, digestion/Agni may be impaired. For me, every time I travel, particularly via flying - my Agni gets disrupted and I will get constipated. Additionally, a diet guideline would be to eat fresh satvik foods, which can also be difficult to obtain while traveling, creating further gastric disturbances which can affect my mood, my stress level, depleting my energies and my sleep.

As much as I do enjoy traveling, I find that after a trip, even if it’s a vacation, I spend a lot of energy focused on ‘getting back on track’ when I get back. Knowing this, and now with Ayurveda’s help, there are ways I can prepare myself for a trip prior to ensure a smooth journey.

Six Stages of Disease in Ayurveda

By Syama Mehta, Franciska F. and Anuradha Rao,

Shata Kriya Kala is the methodical approach to assessing disease progression in Ayurveda. There are six stages in this process by which we can track the movement of the doshas and their expression in the body.

These 6 steps are a crucial way to diagnose the path of a disease or imbalance in the body. Ayurveda, the ancient holistic healing methodology, emphasizes early intervention, prevention, and removal of the problem. Breaking down an imbalance into 6 stages helps in achieving all 3. This is an important part of Ayurvedic Nidana, to arrive at the chain of causation.

Stage 1-Sanchaya

This is the first step wherein the dosha gets accumulated in its own sthana or original place in the body. For eg: Vata may accumulate in its own sthana i.e., lower abdomen/intestines.

This is the stage where doshas start accumulating in their “homes”. Vata accumulates in the colon, pitta in the small intestine, and Kapha in the stomach. If the person pays attention to the body, he/she will recognize the signals given by the body. They will feel an attraction to the opposite qualities of the dosha that has increased.

In the first stage of the process, Sanchaya, the doshas are in their respective sthana and beginning to increase. This mild imbalance can be managed by applying the opposite gunas and pacifying the increasing doshas. However, if the dosha is not pacified and continues to increase in the sthana, then they begin to aggravate the sites further. In the stage of provocation

Stage 2-Prakopa

In the 2nd step, the dosha starts to aggravate in the same place.
Eg: the vata in the lower abdomen aggravates and creates an imbalance in the original place, i.e, abdomen & intestines.
If the doshas are not contained at their sites, they get aggravated and start to overflow from their sites.

Prakopa, the individual may still be able to apply common-sense measures to pacify the imbalance (reducing hot foods when feeling hot, reducing Kapha-inducing foods when feeling heavy, etc). Should these measures not be taken, or inadequate, the imbalance moves to the third stage.

In the stage of provocation, Prakopa, the individual may still be able to apply common-sense measures to pacify the imbalance (reducing hot foods when feeling hot, reducing Kapha-inducing foods when feeling heavy, etc). Should these measures not be taken, or inadequate, the imbalance moves to the third stage, Prasara.

Stage 3-Prasara

This is the SPREAD of the disorder. Here the dosha starts to spread throughout the body after overflowing from its sthana or location. For eg: the above vata imbalance can now move into any part of the body through various srotas that originate from amashaya (stomach).

Once the overflow of doshas happens, they start spreading throughout the body via different channels.

Here the doshas begin to spread beyond their sthana. This is an important stage because it is here that we begin to see “pre-symptoms” of disease (Purva rupa). The doshas begin to roam the body in search of a weak area. Cravings for tastes of the imbalanced doshas often increase in this stage of the disease. Vata is involved in this stage as it carries the doshas. Once they have moved out of their sthana, they have to be managed with targeted therapies to bring the doshas back to the GI tract.

Stage 4-Sthana-Samshraya

(Deposition/Localisation) - The spread dosha then tries to find weak spots or khavaigunyas (weak spots) in order to deposit. For eg: vata can lodge itself in reproductive systems

Once the doshas start moving away from their sites, they start to look for a place to deposit. It can take place at an organ, marma, joint, dhatu, etc. At this stage, premonitory symptoms appear.

Here the disease has found a weak area in the dhatu, khavaigunya, to deposit itself. Once this happens, the offending dosha begins to try to exert its influence upon the dhatu. The dosha will lodge itself into the asthayi dhatu. If the dhatu agni is strong it will keep the dosha’s influence at bay. If it is not, then the dosha will enter the sthayi dhatu. This is dhatu gata dosha, the disease moving into the tissue. It is at this stage that cellular intelligence is affected. Signs and symptoms begin to appear but can still be managed and pacified before the disease moves on to the next phase, Vyakti.

Stage 5-Vyakti

Once the disease progresses to this stage, signs, and symptoms start to appear.
In this stage of manifestation, the newly accumulated dosha imbalance will result in the manifestation of various symptoms. For eg: vata in reproductive systems can manifest in amenorrhea, dysmenorrhea, etc.

In the fifth stage of disease, manifestation, the disease can be clearly seen. At this point, the effect of the dosha (or doshas) has adversely influenced the dhatus, srotamsi, and organs. The function has also been affected.

Stage 6-Bheda

At this stage, the disease becomes chronic and complications may develop and is very difficult to treat.
This is the stage of differentiation and change. The manifested stage can further take any route possible and create various complications or chronic issues in the body. For eg: the above vata manifestation can further result in cysts, fertility issues, and various other symptoms spread throughout the body.

If the disease is not addressed at this time, then the final stage, Bheda, is reached. This is known as differentiation. The doshas have entered the dhatu and affected function, while also affecting the surrounding tissue. This is the most difficult stage to treat as the disease has created so much qualitative change.

DISCLAIMER: Ayurveda is a complementary health system and is not allowed to treat, diagnose or cure any disease. Ayurveda practitioners are holistic health practitioners. The above article is for informational purposes only.

Importance of a Daily Routine in Ayurveda

By Donah, Ayurveda Counselor Student

It is important to have a daily routine or Dinacarya, because we are the microcosm of the macrocosm. Which means that all part of our being is connected to the bigger picture of the universe. We are connected to nature and all things that make up the planet, therefore everything affects us. We are affected by the water on the planet that is connected to our blood and plasma. We are connected to the earth that is connected to our bones. I was taught that our teeth and bones hold the memories of the earth just like the rocks and stones. We are connected to all phases of the moon as well as the rise and setting of the sun. Our energy wanes and waxes with the moon. When the moon is dark it is a time to be quiet and plant the seeds for creation. When the moon is full everything comes to fruition. A woman's cycle is in sync with the moon.

By maintaining a Dinacarya we are essentially establishing a base line in our bodies. so that when we bring in something different, like staying up to late, too much of one food or person, we notice the different. Being balanced in Ayurveda for me is about noticing all the qualities, elements that we take in. If we take in too much of one, then we can balance it daily, because we have a 'dosha dance' that changes if we do not stick to the "plan", that is why dinacarya is so important

Some imbalances are taking in too much of one quality or element. We can also miss if something subtle comes up. If we stay up one night too long, the next morning we could be sleepy, then our eating schedule is off, then it continues like this.. like a domino effect. At the end it could be very chaotic.

A daily routine or Dinacarya keeps us in sync with nature and the universe. If we are in sync our at our best health, and our minds, heart and spirit are clear, because we are connected to all there is. When we do not follo a Dinacarya we are more likely to feel disturbances in the body and mind. Having a Dinacarya also helps the body be more disciplined and scheduled. When this happens the body is prepared for what comes next and more capable of bouncing back from what is unexpected because it is stronger. It supports digestion, absorption, agni and the balancing of the doshas.

When we do not have a daily or seasonal routine, Ritucarya, we are more susceptible to disturbances, including disease and illness. Some of the things that can be disturbed are sleep. If we go to bed at different times each night, the body will not know when to be prepared for sleep, and the natural circadian rhythm may be disturbed. This can cause hetus, which is a disturbance.

Not enough sleep prevents the body from resting and healing which can cause insomnia, mental and emotional disturbances as well as obesity and diabetes. Not eating at the same time every day can lead to indigestion, heartburn, cravings for foods that can upset the dosha and balances in the body.

Ritucarya or seasonal routines are important because they prepare the body for the next season, i.e, moving from winter to spring. If we are connected to mother earth then it makes sense that we would feel the change or the seasons and the change of the seasons would affect us. There are two weeks between seasons that are a great time to prepare the body for the change. One might do a cleanse moving into the warmer seasons. This is a good time to shed the extra kapha that has kept us static for winter. We move into a lighter season that has more vata or pitta energy. We begin to eat lighter foods so that our bodies can feel lighter. A pitta season such as summer would be a time to plant seeds. This would also be a good time for any type of transformation for us even if it has to do with our thoughts and lives.

Dinacarya and Ritucarya are disciplined and schedules of which to live by that create balance and harmony within the body and mind, and keep us intuned with nature, the planet and spirit.

Ayurveda-and-Menstrual Cycle

Ayurveda and Menstrual Cycle

By Ayurveda Counselor Group 9.20

Western medicine views menstruation as more of a physical process where the body removes unneeded tissue and prepares for the next ovulation cycle. The process is thought to be governed primarily by hormones. Ayurveda sees women as the embodiment of creative cosmic energy. Women are meant to create and nurture life. Women are seen as closer to the natural cycles of the earth, moon and planets and this is reflected through their menstruation cycle which roughly corresponds the cycle of the Moon as it moves from new to full to new again. Ayurveda believes that the menstruation period is on of cleansing and that women should slow down, moderate exercise, eat lightly and honor this period to reflect on their divine connections.

The Western view of the menstrual cycle is very clinical and scientific in nature. It relies completely on the objective role of the hormones finding a mean of the general population of women and presenting that as the norm.

The Western view, as a whole, does not attempt to offer pacifying remedies outside the scope of their medicinal treatments, eg. NSAIDs for all types of pain associated with the cycle(no deferential between headache remedy, cramping, low back), uses hormones to explain PMS symptoms, specifically manasic symptoms, but does not attempt to educate about these imbalances to women nor offer education to their partners about how to support during this time, yet will gladly prescribe antidepressants to 'fix' the women. In contrast, Ayurveda offers the perspective that this is a time of cleansing: physically, emotionally, and spiritually.

As such, it is advised to rest and meditate and lean in to family to allow this space for themselves. Ayurveda also differs in its view of a women's cycle, not only recognizing that each woman is unique but that she will need specific balancing remedies per her dosha, agni, and cycle agni. These remedies include the use of blood tonifying herbs, diet, meditation, mantra, marma activation, abyhanga, pulling back from unnecessary activity, among others. Ayurveda offers these remedies when a woman has a period that falls outside what is considered a healthy flow. A healthy period will be moderate in flow and duration, it will have no clots, and little to no discomfort.

Another main difference between the Western perspective and Ayurveda is that Ayurveda honors the cycle throughout the month and offers pacifying suggestions through all three phases of the cycle Kapha, Pitta, and Vata. Lastly, Ayurveda honors that there are times that Western medicine may be needed but advises against long term use.

Ayurveda also sees a woman’s development from birth to menopause as representative of the 3 doshas. From birth to puberty is largely Kapha, Puberty to 40 years is mostly Pitta, 40 to 50 a combination of vata and pitta and 50 years, menopausal and post-menopausal as Vata. Menstrual periods are often experienced differently by different dosha types.

The modern view of the menstrual cycle is something that is considered to be due to hormonal changes in a women’s body. They do not look deeper into the meaning; they see it from a very scientific point of view.

Versus in Ayurveda, the scientific part is considered. Ayurveda does know the hormones are changing and the lining of the uterus is shedding, but it takes into account the esoteric part as well. Ayurveda sees this time as a time to be honored; a time that a woman is literally changing. She is letting go of all accumulated toxins in the body, emotional as well. Ayurveda also takes into account how we are very connected to the moon.

According to Ayurveda, the menstrual cycle is viewed as a period of cleansing for the mind and the body; and is controlled by rasa dhatu agni, artava dhatu agni, apana vayu and poshaka kapha. It’s an opportunity to rest the mind, and it’s advised to reduce chores at home, doing physical activities, invite others in our space, so we can release what need to be released and reset our personal energy. Ahara and vihara is also very important because it can smooth the feminine cycle or worsen it, which is why it’s crucial to point out if what we experience is an imbalance if PMS is present, and not normalize it. Learning the ayurvedic approach of the feminine cycle helps to learn more about our own mind and body and adjust ahara and vihara according to them. The feminine energy is ruled by the moon and the phases of the moon are directly linked to the women cycle, which is another aspect not taken in consideration in western society.

For the western society, menstrual cycle is controlled by female hormones and this moment of the month is not very honored. Women doesn’t really rest, synch with their mind and body because of the “duties of multitasked women” are considered and taught as proprietary compared to their original and vital need of releasing energy. They have to take care of everything all year long, no matter if there is this vital recurrent need to release emotions, ama and not only physical blood.


Pacifies: Pitta, Kapha
Aggravates: Vata
Imbalance: Supports Excess bleeding, dysmenorrhea, prolapse, irregular cycles, PCOS.

Pacifies: Vata, Kapha
Aggravates: Pitta
Imbalance: Supports Premenstrual anxiety, insomnia, cold extremities

Pacifies: Vata, Pitta
Aggravates: Kapha
Imbalance: Supports Dysmenorrhea, stagnant blood, constipation, heavy menstruation.

Pacifies: Vata, Pitta, Kapha
Aggravates: Vata in excess
Imbalance: Supports Blood clots, menorrhagia, fibroids.

Pacifies: Pitta, Kapha
Aggravates: Vata
Imbalance: Supports Cramping, heavy flow, bloating, depression, delayed onset of period.

Pacifies: Vata, Pitta (in small amounts), Kapha
Aggravates: May aggravate Pitta
Imbalance: Supports Slow onset of menses, spasms, amenorrhea, dysmenorrhea, weakness.

Pacifies: Vata, Pitta, Kapha
Aggravates:Pitta and Kapha in excess
Imbalance: Supports Fibroids, cysts, endometriosis, dysmenorrhea, amenorrhea, kapha accumulation.

Pacifies: Pitta
Aggravates: Vata, kapha
Imbalance: Supports Menorrhagia, leukorrhea, dysmenorrhea, anemia, hot flashes

Pacifies: Vata, Pitta
Aggravates: Pitta
Imbalance: SupportsDysmenorrhea

Pacifies: Vata, Kapha
Aggravates: Pitta
Imbalance: Supports Cramping, anxiety, depression, lethargy.

Pacifies: Pitta, Vata, Kapha
Aggravates: na
Imbalance: Anxiety, stress, depression, acne.

Pacifies: Vata, Pitta, Kapha
Aggravates: na
Imbalance: Supports Endometriosis, fibroids, low and high estrogen.

Disclaimer: Ayurveda is a complementary medicine modality and is not allowed to treat, cure or prevent any disease. All the information above is for knowledge/information purpose only. Ayurveda is not recognized by FDA.

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